Experian AutoCheck Report

Report run: 01/28/2023 01:30:50 EST
This report is brought to you by:
Auto Deals LLC Elite Member
510 VETERANS MEMORIAL HWY MABLETON, GA 30126
678.324.4664
Owners - 9
Number of Owners
Vehicle Usage
Fleet
AutoCheck Score
Autocheck score dial
33
37
60
AutoCheck Score

Similar vehicles usually range between 37 and 60

Vehicle History at a Glance
vhg-title-brand-no-issue

State Title Brand

auction brand icon

Auction Brand / Issues

Structural Damage

vhg-accident-damage-issue-found

Accident / Damage

Structural Damage

recall check icon

Open Recall Check

vhg-insurance-loss-title-no-issue

Insurance Loss / Transfer

vhg-odometer-check-no-issue

Odometer Check

Last reported odometer:
94,940 (07/12/2022)

cpo icon

Certified Pre-Owned

service repair icon

Service / Repair

3 Service Record(s) Reported

vhg-additional-history-issue-found

Additional History

Lien Reported, Duplicate Title

vhg-title-brand-no-issue

This vehicle is eligible for Buyback Protection

Due to the vehicle’s history showing no reported major state title brands. Terms & Conditions
damage icon Accident & Damage
accident-car-outline
accident-airbag-deployed-off Airbag Deployed
accident-structural-damage-on Structural Damage
accident-overturned-off Overturned
accident-severe-red Severe
Damage Date Damage Type Severity
11/07/2018 Structural Damage Severe

Not all accidents and/or damage events are reported to Experian. Inspection by a third party prior to purchase is recommended. See Detailed Vehicle History for more information regarding accident/damage events.

Odometer Dial Odometer Check
icon-success-pass
Your Vehicle Checks Out
No odometer brands, rollbacks, rollover or tampering has been reported to AutoCheck from state Division of Motor Vehicles (DMV) or auction sources. AutoCheck also examined the sequence of reported odometer readings to determine if there are any potential discrepancies.
icon-success-pass
State Title Odometer Check

No issues reported

icon-success-pass
Auction Odometer Check

No issues reported

icon-success-pass
Odometer Calculation Check

No issues reported

Detailed Vehicle History Icon Detailed Vehicle History
Below are the historical events for this vehicle listed in chronological order.
Vehicle: 2010 Chevrolet Camaro SS (2G1FT1EW4A9179101) Report Run Date: 01/28/2023 01:30:50 EST
 
 
2010
 
 
Location: FL
Owned From: 02/2010
Usage: Personal
Event Date Location Odometer Data Source Details
02/16/2010 SANFORD, NC 69 Motor Vehicle Dept. Title(Title #:77082810047923F) (Lien Reported)
Registration Event/Renewal
03/05/2011 SANFORD, NC 15,172 Independent Emission Source Passed Emission Inspection
03/08/2011 SANFORD, NC Motor Vehicle Dept. Registration Event/Renewal
07/26/2011 FL 21,513 Motor Vehicle Dept. Odometer Reading from DMV
07/29/2011 NC Motor Vehicle Dept. Duplicate Title
08/12/2011 FORT WALTON BEACH, FL Motor Vehicle Dept. Title(Title #:0106967221) (Lien Reported)
08/12/2011 FORT WALTON BEACH, FL Motor Vehicle Dept. Registration Event/Renewal
12/15/2011 FORT WALTON BEACH, FL Motor Vehicle Dept. Registration Event/Renewal
05/25/2012 FORT WALTON BEACH, FL Motor Vehicle Dept. Registration Event/Renewal
 
 
2013
 
 
Location: LA
Owned From: 01/2013
Usage: Personal
Event Date Location Odometer Data Source Details
01/15/2013 METAIRIE, LA 33,700 Motor Vehicle Dept. Title(Title #:EFJA) (Lien Reported)
Registration Event/Renewal
 
 
2013
 
 
Location: LA
Owned From: 10/2013
Usage: Fleet
Event Date Location Odometer Data Source Details
10/24/2013 MARRERO, LA 35,099 Motor Vehicle Dept. Title(Title #:EJJF) (Lien Reported)
Registration Event/Renewal
06/15/2015 MARRERO, LA Motor Vehicle Dept. Title(Lien Reported)
06/26/2015 SOUTHWEST REGION 47,116 Auto Auction Reported at Auto Auction
06/29/2015 SOUTHWEST REGION 47,116 Auto Auction Auction Announced as Fleet/Lease
07/30/2015 SOUTHWEST REGION 47,127 Auto Auction Reported at Auto Auction
08/27/2015 GONZALES, LA 47,169 † Independent Repair Center Engine Serviced
Exhaust System Serviced
Brakes Serviced
Lube, Oil And/Or Filter Changed
 
 
2015
 
 
Location: LA
Owned From: 12/2015
Usage: Personal
Event Date Location Odometer Data Source Details
12/14/2015 JONESVILLE, LA 47,127 Motor Vehicle Dept. Title(Title #:ELSF) (Lien Reported)
Registration Event/Renewal
04/08/2016 JONESVILLE, LA Motor Vehicle Dept. Title(Lien Reported)
04/08/2016 JONESVILLE, LA Motor Vehicle Dept. Title(Title #:K6297825) (Lien Reported)
05/04/2016 SOUTHEASTERN REGION 48,995 Auto Auction Reported at Auto Auction
05/16/2016 SOUTHEASTERN REGION 49,294 Auto Auction Reported at Auto Auction as Dealer Vehicle
06/13/2016 SOUTHEASTERN REGION 49,352 Auto Auction Reported at Auto Auction
 
 
2016
 
 
Location: AL
Owned From: 09/2016
Usage: Personal
Event Date Location Odometer Data Source Details
09/06/2016 ANNISTON, AL 49,352 Motor Vehicle Dept. Title(Title #:52429342) (Lien Reported)
 
 
2016
 
 
Location: AL
Owned From: 12/2016
Usage: Personal
Event Date Location Odometer Data Source Details
12/27/2016 HEFLIN, AL Motor Vehicle Dept. Registration Event/Renewal
12/30/2016 HEFLIN, AL 54,358 Motor Vehicle Dept. Title(Title #:52896704) (Lien Reported)
04/18/2017 GA 59,755 Auto Auction Reported at Auto Auction
 
 
2017
 
 
Location: AL
Owned From: 05/2017
Usage: Fleet
Event Date Location Odometer Data Source Details
05/12/2017 FLORENCE, AL Motor Vehicle Dept. Registration Event/Renewal
05/24/2017 FLORENCE, AL 59,661 † Motor Vehicle Dept. Title(Title #:53543971) (Lien Reported)
01/31/2018 FLORENCE, AL Motor Vehicle Dept. Registration Event/Renewal
10/25/2018 GA 73,829 Auto Auction Reported at Auto Auction
11/05/2018 GA 73,829 Auto Auction Auction Announced as Fleet/Lease
11/07/2018 GA Auto Auction Auction Announced as Frame Damage dvh-timeline-icon-accident-red.svg
 
 
2018
 
 
Location: FL
Owned From: 12/2018
Usage: Personal
Event Date Location Odometer Data Source Details
12/16/2018 HIALEAH, FL 73,845 Motor Vehicle Dept. Title(Title #:0106967221) (Lien Reported)
12/16/2018 HIALEAH, FL Motor Vehicle Dept. Registration Event/Renewal
01/10/2019 HIALEAH, FL Motor Vehicle Dept. Title(Title #:0106967221) (Lien Reported)
01/13/2020 HIALEAH, FL Motor Vehicle Dept. Registration Event/Renewal
01/25/2021 HIALEAH, FL Motor Vehicle Dept. Registration Event/Renewal
04/20/2021 TAMPA, FL 84,877 Independent Repair Center Cooling System Serviced
11/16/2021 TAMPA, FL 90,300 Independent Repair Center Heat or Air Conditioning Serviced
Engine Serviced
Brakes Serviced
Drive Line Serviced
Alternator Serviced
Lube, Oil And/Or Filter Changed
01/19/2022 HIALEAH, FL Motor Vehicle Dept. Registration Event/Renewal
07/12/2022 94,940 Auto Auction Sold at Auto Auction
08/02/2022 Auto Auction Sold at Auto Auction
 
 
2022
 
 
Location: GA
Owned From: 12/2022
Usage: Personal
Event Date Location Odometer Data Source Details
12/12/2022 ATLANTA, GA Motor Vehicle Dept. Registration Event/Renewal
12/21/2022 ATLANTA, GA Motor Vehicle Dept. Title(Title #:0140247342963)
01/13/2023 ATLANTA, GA Motor Vehicle Dept. Registration Event/Renewal

† This odometer reading was not used in this calculation because the difference was too small or it is in kilometer. When a reading difference is small, it is due to either a data entry error of the date of the odometer or a rounding of the odometer and not likely due to a true rollback.

 
2010
 
 
 

Location: FL
Owned From: 02/2010
Usage: Personal

Event Date - 02/16/2010

Location - SANFORD, NC

Odometer - 69

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Title(Title #:77082810047923F) (Lien Reported)
Registration Event/Renewal

Event Date - 03/05/2011

Location - SANFORD, NC

Odometer - 15,172

Data Source - Independent Emission Source

Details - Passed Emission Inspection

Event Date - 03/08/2011

Location - SANFORD, NC

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Registration Event/Renewal

Event Date - 07/26/2011

Location - FL

Odometer - 21,513

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Odometer Reading from DMV

Event Date - 07/29/2011

Location - NC

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Duplicate Title

Event Date - 08/12/2011

Location - FORT WALTON BEACH, FL

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Title(Title #:0106967221) (Lien Reported)

Event Date - 08/12/2011

Location - FORT WALTON BEACH, FL

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Registration Event/Renewal

Event Date - 12/15/2011

Location - FORT WALTON BEACH, FL

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Registration Event/Renewal

Event Date - 05/25/2012

Location - FORT WALTON BEACH, FL

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Registration Event/Renewal

 
 
 
2013
 
 
 

Location: LA
Owned From: 01/2013
Usage: Personal

Event Date - 01/15/2013

Location - METAIRIE, LA

Odometer - 33,700

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Title(Title #:EFJA) (Lien Reported)
Registration Event/Renewal

 
 
 
2013
 
 
 

Location: LA
Owned From: 10/2013
Usage: Fleet

Event Date - 10/24/2013

Location - MARRERO, LA

Odometer - 35,099

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Title(Title #:EJJF) (Lien Reported)
Registration Event/Renewal

Event Date - 06/15/2015

Location - MARRERO, LA

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Title(Lien Reported)

Event Date - 06/26/2015

Location - SOUTHWEST REGION

Odometer - 47,116

Data Source - Auto Auction

Details - Reported at Auto Auction

Event Date - 06/29/2015

Location - SOUTHWEST REGION

Odometer - 47,116

Data Source - Auto Auction

Details - Auction Announced as Fleet/Lease

Event Date - 07/30/2015

Location - SOUTHWEST REGION

Odometer - 47,127

Data Source - Auto Auction

Details - Reported at Auto Auction

Event Date - 08/27/2015

Location - GONZALES, LA

Odometer - 47,169 †

Data Source - Independent Repair Center

Details - Engine Serviced
Exhaust System Serviced
Brakes Serviced
Lube, Oil And/Or Filter Changed

 
 
 
2015
 
 
 

Location: LA
Owned From: 12/2015
Usage: Personal

Event Date - 12/14/2015

Location - JONESVILLE, LA

Odometer - 47,127

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Title(Title #:ELSF) (Lien Reported)
Registration Event/Renewal

Event Date - 04/08/2016

Location - JONESVILLE, LA

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Title(Lien Reported)

Event Date - 04/08/2016

Location - JONESVILLE, LA

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Title(Title #:K6297825) (Lien Reported)

Event Date - 05/04/2016

Location - SOUTHEASTERN REGION

Odometer - 48,995

Data Source - Auto Auction

Details - Reported at Auto Auction

Event Date - 05/16/2016

Location - SOUTHEASTERN REGION

Odometer - 49,294

Data Source - Auto Auction

Details - Reported at Auto Auction as Dealer Vehicle

Event Date - 06/13/2016

Location - SOUTHEASTERN REGION

Odometer - 49,352

Data Source - Auto Auction

Details - Reported at Auto Auction

 
 
 
2016
 
 
 

Location: AL
Owned From: 09/2016
Usage: Personal

Event Date - 09/06/2016

Location - ANNISTON, AL

Odometer - 49,352

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Title(Title #:52429342) (Lien Reported)

 
 
 
2016
 
 
 

Location: AL
Owned From: 12/2016
Usage: Personal

Event Date - 12/27/2016

Location - HEFLIN, AL

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Registration Event/Renewal

Event Date - 12/30/2016

Location - HEFLIN, AL

Odometer - 54,358

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Title(Title #:52896704) (Lien Reported)

Event Date - 04/18/2017

Location - GA

Odometer - 59,755

Data Source - Auto Auction

Details - Reported at Auto Auction

 
 
 
2017
 
 
 

Location: AL
Owned From: 05/2017
Usage: Fleet

Event Date - 05/12/2017

Location - FLORENCE, AL

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Registration Event/Renewal

Event Date - 05/24/2017

Location - FLORENCE, AL

Odometer - 59,661 †

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Title(Title #:53543971) (Lien Reported)

Event Date - 01/31/2018

Location - FLORENCE, AL

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Registration Event/Renewal

Event Date - 10/25/2018

Location - GA

Odometer - 73,829

Data Source - Auto Auction

Details - Reported at Auto Auction

Event Date - 11/05/2018

Location - GA

Odometer - 73,829

Data Source - Auto Auction

Details - Auction Announced as Fleet/Lease

Event Date - 11/07/2018 dvh-timeline-icon-accident-red.svg

Location - GA

Data Source - Auto Auction

Details - Auction Announced as Frame Damage

 
 
 
2018
 
 
 

Location: FL
Owned From: 12/2018
Usage: Personal

Event Date - 12/16/2018

Location - HIALEAH, FL

Odometer - 73,845

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Title(Title #:0106967221) (Lien Reported)

Event Date - 12/16/2018

Location - HIALEAH, FL

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Registration Event/Renewal

Event Date - 01/10/2019

Location - HIALEAH, FL

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Title(Title #:0106967221) (Lien Reported)

Event Date - 01/13/2020

Location - HIALEAH, FL

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Registration Event/Renewal

Event Date - 01/25/2021

Location - HIALEAH, FL

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Registration Event/Renewal

Event Date - 04/20/2021

Location - TAMPA, FL

Odometer - 84,877

Data Source - Independent Repair Center

Details - Cooling System Serviced

Event Date - 11/16/2021

Location - TAMPA, FL

Odometer - 90,300

Data Source - Independent Repair Center

Details - Heat or Air Conditioning Serviced
Engine Serviced
Brakes Serviced
Drive Line Serviced
Alternator Serviced
Lube, Oil And/Or Filter Changed

Event Date - 01/19/2022

Location - HIALEAH, FL

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Registration Event/Renewal

Event Date - 07/12/2022

Location -

Odometer - 94,940

Data Source - Auto Auction

Details - Sold at Auto Auction

Event Date - 08/02/2022

Location -

Data Source - Auto Auction

Details - Sold at Auto Auction

 
 
 
2022
 
 
 

Location: GA
Owned From: 12/2022
Usage: Personal

Event Date - 12/12/2022

Location - ATLANTA, GA

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Registration Event/Renewal

Event Date - 12/21/2022

Location - ATLANTA, GA

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Title(Title #:0140247342963)

Event Date - 01/13/2023

Location - ATLANTA, GA

Data Source - Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details - Registration Event/Renewal

† This odometer reading was not used in this calculation because the difference was too small or it is in kilometer. When a reading difference is small, it is due to either a data entry error of the date of the odometer or a rounding of the odometer and not likely due to a true rollback.

This Vehicle's Glossary

Below are the specific definitions for events that appear in this vehicle's report. More information is available in the full AutoCheck glossary.

Term
Section Location
Definition
State Title Brand
Vehicle History at a Glance
A "branded title" is an official designation assigned by a state agency to associate a particular history with a vehicle. The branding system was put in place to warn potential owners about damage or other alterations to a vehicle that they might otherwise have been unaware of. The brands checked in this section are Fire, Hail, Flood, Junk/Scrapped, Lemon, Salvage, Rebuilt/Rebuildable, Odometer Brands (not actual miles, broken odometer, exceeding mechanical limits, mileage discrepancy, or suspect miles). Please note Grey Market and Insurance Loss or Theft brands are not checked in this box and can be found on other corresponding boxes.
Auction Issue
Vehicle History at a Glance
This section summarizes any issues if reported such as damage condition from seller's disclosure or during the inspection process including required structural damage disclosure, title brands, odometer issues, etc. as outlined by the 2021 National Auto Auction Association Policy.
Accident/Damage Check
Vehicle History at a Glance
This section summarizes vehicle history events that may indicate an accident or damage and associated details such as point of impact, severity or airbag deployed if provided. These damage events will include collision damage information, police-reported accidents, salvage auction, recycler records, crash test vehicles, collision damage claims etc. including our exclusive auction announcements from two major auctions that may include damage events. There is also a clearly delineated section that includes non-collision damage events such as fire, hail or flood. Damage-indicated title brands will be in the state title brands section.
Insurance Loss/Title Transfer
Vehicle History at a Glance
This box checked to see if there is an insurance total loss or if a title has been transferred to an insurance company name as that event usually signifies that it is a total loss when showing after an accident.
Additional History
Vehicle History at a Glance
This section lists any other significant events that may not be a damage event or brand, but does give additional insights of the vehicle's history. These include abandoned, grey market, lien check, repossessed, theft etc.
Odometer Check
Vehicle History at a Glance
This section verifies if there are rollbacks, rollover or tampering has been reported to AutoCheck from state Division of Motor Vehicles (DMV) or auction sources. AutoCheck also examined the sequence of reported odometer readings to determine if there are any potential discrepancies.
Structural Damage or Structural Alteration
Accident / Damage
"Structural" or "Frame" damage refers to a vehicle's structure or a specific structural or frame component, and may apply to a conventional frame, "Unibody", and "Unibody on Frame" structures. Structural Alteration -An alteration to the vehicle's structure including a lengthened or shortened frame, a modified suspension, or the installation or removal of after-market accessories. For additional information on these types of reported information, please see the 2021 National Auto Auction Association Policy.
Loan/Lien
Additional History
A loan/lien is the legal right to take and hold or sell the vehicle of a debtor as security or payment for a debt. Normally, a vehicle will have a lien due to a loan or unpaid repair bill against the vehicle. Check with the seller to ensure that the lien has been satisfied.
Duplicate Title
Additional History
The vehicle had a duplicate title issued by the DMV.
Fleet Use
Owner Type
The vehicle has been reported as used as a fleet vehicle, by a state source or a wholesale Auto Auction has reported the vehicle as a fleet vehicle. Fleet vehicles are often in good condition. Fleet companies have vehicle care guidelines. A vehicle used by a company for an executive is an example of a fleet vehicle.

Term - State Title Brand

Section Location - Vehicle History at a Glance

Definition - A "branded title" is an official designation assigned by a state agency to associate a particular history with a vehicle. The branding system was put in place to warn potential owners about damage or other alterations to a vehicle that they might otherwise have been unaware of. The brands checked in this section are Fire, Hail, Flood, Junk/Scrapped, Lemon, Salvage, Rebuilt/Rebuildable, Odometer Brands (not actual miles, broken odometer, exceeding mechanical limits, mileage discrepancy, or suspect miles). Please note Grey Market and Insurance Loss or Theft brands are not checked in this box and can be found on other corresponding boxes.

Term - Auction Issue

Section Location - Vehicle History at a Glance

Definition - This section summarizes any issues if reported such as damage condition from seller's disclosure or during the inspection process including required structural damage disclosure, title brands, odometer issues, etc. as outlined by the 2021 National Auto Auction Association Policy.

Term - Accident/Damage Check

Section Location - Vehicle History at a Glance

Definition - This section summarizes vehicle history events that may indicate an accident or damage and associated details such as point of impact, severity or airbag deployed if provided. These damage events will include collision damage information, police-reported accidents, salvage auction, recycler records, crash test vehicles, collision damage claims etc. including our exclusive auction announcements from two major auctions that may include damage events. There is also a clearly delineated section that includes non-collision damage events such as fire, hail or flood. Damage-indicated title brands will be in the state title brands section.

Term - Insurance Loss/Title Transfer

Section Location - Vehicle History at a Glance

Definition - This box checked to see if there is an insurance total loss or if a title has been transferred to an insurance company name as that event usually signifies that it is a total loss when showing after an accident.

Term - Additional History

Section Location - Vehicle History at a Glance

Definition - This section lists any other significant events that may not be a damage event or brand, but does give additional insights of the vehicle's history. These include abandoned, grey market, lien check, repossessed, theft etc.

Term - Odometer Check

Section Location - Vehicle History at a Glance

Definition - This section verifies if there are rollbacks, rollover or tampering has been reported to AutoCheck from state Division of Motor Vehicles (DMV) or auction sources. AutoCheck also examined the sequence of reported odometer readings to determine if there are any potential discrepancies.

Term - Structural Damage or Structural Alteration

Section Location - Accident / Damage

Definition - "Structural" or "Frame" damage refers to a vehicle's structure or a specific structural or frame component, and may apply to a conventional frame, "Unibody", and "Unibody on Frame" structures. Structural Alteration -An alteration to the vehicle's structure including a lengthened or shortened frame, a modified suspension, or the installation or removal of after-market accessories. For additional information on these types of reported information, please see the 2021 National Auto Auction Association Policy.

Term - Loan/Lien

Section Location - Additional History

Definition - A loan/lien is the legal right to take and hold or sell the vehicle of a debtor as security or payment for a debt. Normally, a vehicle will have a lien due to a loan or unpaid repair bill against the vehicle. Check with the seller to ensure that the lien has been satisfied.

Term - Duplicate Title

Section Location - Additional History

Definition - The vehicle had a duplicate title issued by the DMV.

Term - Fleet Use

Section Location - Owner Type

Definition - The vehicle has been reported as used as a fleet vehicle, by a state source or a wholesale Auto Auction has reported the vehicle as a fleet vehicle. Fleet vehicles are often in good condition. Fleet companies have vehicle care guidelines. A vehicle used by a company for an executive is an example of a fleet vehicle.

AutoCheck Terms and Conditions
This report, and any reliance upon it, is subject to AutoCheck Terms and Conditions. If you obtained the report from a lender/dealer, the lender/dealer has been provided with these Terms and Conditions and can share them with you. These AutoCheck Terms and Conditions are also available at any time at www.autocheck.com/terms or by writing to Experian: Experian Automotive C/O AutoCheck Customer Service 955 American Lane Schaumburg, IL 60173.

Buyback Protection Terms and Conditions
This vehicle (2G1FT1EW4A9179101) qualifies for AutoCheck Buyback Protection. If you obtained the report from a dealer, the dealer has been provided with the terms and can share them with you. These Buyback Protection Terms and Conditions are also available to you at any time at www.autocheck.com/bbpterms or by writing to Experian: Experian Automotive C/O AutoCheckCustomer Service 955 American Lane Schaumburg, IL 60173.

About AutoCheck
AutoCheck vehicle history reports by Experian Automotive is the leading vehicle history reporting service. With expert data handling, the Experian Automotive database houses over 4 billion records on a half a billion vehicles. Every AutoCheck vehicle history report will give you confidence when buying or selling your next used vehicle, with superior customer service every step of the way.

Patent Notice
Certain aspects of this vehicle history report may be covered by U.S. Patent 8,005,759.